Car Theft?

A steal is something sold at a bargain price. But when is a 'steal' stealing?

  Read the story 

1. What do you think? 

a)  Did Danny Sawyer do the right thing?

2. Fred & Rita discuss this story. 

Listen to the discussion below 

a) What does Rita think? 

b) What does Fred think?

listen to ‘Fred & Rita discuss Car Theft’ on Audioboo

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Identical Twins?

Fred and Rita are in the library. Fred has to do a class presentation on genetics and DNA that afternoon.  He hasn’t done the work.

Fred:  Looking at the textbook Let’s see if I understand this. Fraternal twins share only 50% of their genes.

Rita: Like any brother and sister. But identical twins have the same DNA because they come from the same split egg.

Fred: They are basically the same person.

Rita:  Don’t be silly, Fred. No two people are exactly alike. We’re all different.

Fred:  Even when the DNA is exactly the same?
Rita:  That’s only until the egg divides.  After there are tiny gene mutations. Anyway, genes don’t explain everything. My cousins are identical twins but we can always tell them apart.

Fred: How?

Rita: It’s hard to explain. There are little physical things. And they have different personalities

Fred: But I read about this guy the police arrested in America. They did a DNA test and he was a perfect match. The problem was that the man had an identical twin brother.

Rita: So he accused his brother?

Fred: And his brother accused him. One was lying but they couldn’t prove it. They checked 100,000 DNA characteristics  – and there was not a single difference.

Rita:  They should have gone back to the old fashioned method.

Fred: What’s that?

Rita:  Fingerprints. Everybody has a different fingerprint.  She reads out this quotation
The pattern of our fingerprints is set up by our genes. Just like with other genes, though, the environment can change how we turn out.
While you were growing inside of your mother, you touched the amniotic sac. When you touched it during weeks 6-13, the patterns of your fingerprints were changed. This is why identical twins have different fingerprints.

Quick Check: True or False

1. Fraternal twins are not identical.
 2. Gene mutations create identical twins.
3. Every individual is different.
4. Fingerprints are affected by the environment
5. Your fingerprint changes before you are born.
Read about a recent 'wrong twin' murder case
Why 'identical twins genes are not identical'?
How police might approach identical twin DNA problem 

Quick Check: Answers 1.T  2. F 3.T 4. T 5. T

Fun Facts about Bones - Listening

Before Listening
You are going to hear about the bones in the human body. Write down three things you already know?

listen to ‘Fun Facts about Bones’ on Audioboo

How much did you understand?
Did he say any of the things you wrote down?
Write three more things you learned about bones

How much do you remember?
a) Which bone is the smallest? 
b) Which animal has the same number of bones as humans?

Fred Paints the Bath!

Fred's aunt is doing some painting work for his Aunt Katie. He thinks he has the perfect paint - battleship grey!

Buy complete Fred & Rita Teaching Pack for only $1.75. Includes all scripts, learning activities, teaching notes, audio & bonus materials.

Posted Phone

Fred is late for college. As he hurries down the street, he is talking to Rita on the phone. In the other hand he has a letter to post ...

Activities * Fred and Rita Crossword * Posted Phone Matching Exercise

Buy complete Fred & Rita Teaching Pack for only $1.75. Includes all scripts, learning activities, teaching notes, audio & bonus materials.

There Goes the Bridegroom

A printable There Goes Bridegroom! is included in Fred & Rita Teaching Pack ($1.75)  along with all scripts, learning activities, teaching notes, audio & bonus materials.

Read about a very strange wedding. Then listen to Fred and Rita talking about it:

Now listen to Fred's opinion about this story - Rita, of course, does not agree. What do you think? Was the bride 'lucky'?

Which Mobile?

Rita and Fred are in a mobile phone shop. Rita is looking for a cheap and simple phone. The salesman wants to sell her a more expensive model. 

Learning Activities

Buy complete Fred & Rita Teaching Pack for only $1.75. Includes all scripts, learning activities, teaching notes, audio & bonus materials.


The Editor
Kieran McGovern writes graded reading materials for English language learners. These include original stories like Love by Design (Macmillan Readers) and simplified versions of classics including Washington Square by Henry James & Oscar Wilde's The Picture Of Dorian Gray. He now produces low-cost English language teaching packs

He has written for most of the major publishers in the field including Oxford University Press (OUP), OUP (Hong Kong), Longman, Macmillan and Penguin. You can see a partial list of his books here. Three of his titles were singled out for their ‘particular excellence’ in Bamford & Day’s Extensive Reading in the Second Language Classroom (CUP) where he was described as being  ‘amongst the best writers of language learner materials in English’. 

Kieran blogs regularly at English Language FAQ  occasionally for the BBC World Service Learning English Blog, Macmillan Dictionary Blog & the OUP ELT Global Blog.  Kieran also writes regular articles and reviews for magazines and journals including Ming Pao Daily, Seven Days and IATEFL Voices. He currently teaches in Bath, UK and runs language learning website ESL Reading. You can follow him on Twitter @eslreading